ypbind - NIS binding process
ypbind [ -c ] [ -d|-debug ] [ -v|-verbose ] [ -broadcast ] [ -broken-server ] [ -ypset ] [ -ypsetme ] [ -no-ping ] [ -p port ] [ -f configfile ] [ -local-only ] [ -ping-interval ping-interval ]
ypbind finds the server for NIS domains and maintains the NIS binding information. The client (normaly the NIS routines in the standard C library) could get the information over RPC from ypbind or read the binding files. The binding files resides in the directory /var/yp/binding and are conventionally named [domainname].[version]. The supported versions are 1 and 2. There could be several such files since it is possible for an NIS client to be bound to more then one domain.
After a binding has been established, ypbind will send YPPROC_DOMAIN requests to the current NIS server at 20 seconds intervals. If it doesnt get an response or the NIS server reports that he doesnt have this domain any longer, ypbind will search for a new NIS server. All 15 minutes ypbind will check to see if the current NIS server is the fastest. If it find a server which answers faster, it will switch to this server. You could tell ypbind to use network broadcasts to find a new server, what is insecure, or you could give it a list of known secure servers. In this case ypbind will send a ping to all servers and binds to first one which answers.
Unless the option -debug is used, ypbind detaches itself from the controlling terminal and puts itself into background. ypbind uses syslog(3) for logging errors and warnings. At startup or when receiving signal SIGHUP, ypbind parses the file /etc/yp.conf and tries to use the entries for its initial binding. Valid entries are
domain nisdomain server hostnameUse server hostname for the domain nisdomain. You could have more then one entry of this type for a single domain.
domain nisdomain broadcastUse broadcast on the local net for domain nisdomain.
ypserver hostnameUse server server for the local domain.
A broadcast entry in the configuration file will overwrite a ypserver/server entry and a ypserver/server entry broadcast. If all given server are down, ypbind will not switch to use broadcast. ypbind will try at first /etc/hosts and then DNS for resolving the hosts names from /etc/yp.conf. If ypbind couldnt reconfigure the search order, it will use only DNS. If DNS isnt available, you could only use IP-addresses in /etc/hosts. ypbind could only reconfigure the search order with glibc 2.x. If the -broadcast option is specified, ypbind will ignore the configuration file. If the file does not exist or if there are no valid entries, ypbind exit.
This ypbind is a special version which uses pthreads. It will start 2 more threads. The master process services RPC requests asking for binding info. The first thread initializes the binding and checks it periodically. Upon failure, the binding is invalidated and the process tries again to find a valid server. The second thread will handle all the signals.
-broadcast Send a broadcast to request the information needed to bind to a specific NIS server. With this option, /etc/yp.conf will be ignored. -ypset Allow root from any remote machine to change the binding for a domain via the ypset(8) command. By default, no one can change the binding. This option is really insecure. If you change a binding for a domain, all the current known servers for this domain will be forgotten. If the new server goes down, ypbind will use the old searchlist. -ypsetme The same as -ypset, but only root on the local machine is allowed to chang the binding. Such requests are only allowd from loopback. -c ypbind only checks if the config file has syntax errors and exits. -debug starts ypbind in debug mode. ypbind will not put itself into background, and error messages and debug output are written to standard error. -verbose Causes ypbind to syslog(2) any and all changes in the server its bound to. -broken-server lets ypbind accept answers from servers running on an illegal port number. This should usually be avoided, but is required by some ypserv(8) versions. -no-ping ypbind will not check if the binding is alive. This option is for use with dialup connections to prevent ypbind from keeping the connection unnessecarily open or causing autodials. -p port ypbind will bind itself to this port. This makes it possible to have a router filter packets to the NIS ports, so that access to this service from hosts on the Internet can be restricted. -f configfile ypbind will use configfile and not /etc/yp.conf -local-only ypbind will only bind to the loopback device and is not reacheable from a remote network. -ping-interval ping-interval The default value for ypbind to check, if a NIS server is still reacheable, is 20 seconds. With this options another frequency in seconds can be specified. --version Prints the version number
Binding to multiple domains is tested and works. Load sharing between multiple servers for a single domain is not supported. ypbind will always try to bind a domain to a server. If there is no valid server in the list or answers to a broadcast, the domain is unbounded.
/etc/yp.conf configuration file. /var/yp/binding/[domainname].[version] binding file containing information about each NIS domain. /var/run/ypbind.pid contains the process id of the currently running ypbind master process.
syslog(3), domainname(1), ypdomainname(8), ypwhich(1), ypserv(8), ypset(8)
ypbind-mt was written by Thorsten Kukuk <email@example.com>.
|ypbind-mt Version 1.19||ypbind (8)||October 2004|