Manual Reference Pages  - TTY_IOCTL (4)

NAME

tty_ioctl - ioctls for terminals and serial lines

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Errors
Example
Colophon

SYNOPSIS

#include <termios.h>

int ioctl(int fd, int cmd, ...);

DESCRIPTION

The ioctl(2) call for terminals and serial ports accepts many possible command arguments. Most require a third argument, of varying type, here called argp or arg.

Use of ioctl makes for nonportable programs. Use the POSIX interface described in termios(3) whenever possible.

    Get and Set Terminal Attributes

TCGETS  struct termios *
  Equivalent to tcgetattr(fd, argp).
Get the current serial port settings.
TCSETS  const struct termios *
  Equivalent to tcsetattr(fd, TCSANOW, argp).
Set the current serial port settings.
TCSETSW const struct termios *
  Equivalent to tcsetattr(fd, TCSADRAIN, argp).
Allow the output buffer to drain, and set the current serial port settings.
TCSETSF const struct termios *
  Equivalent to tcsetattr(fd, TCSAFLUSH, argp).
Allow the output buffer to drain, discard pending input, and set the current serial port settings.
The following four ioctls are just like TCGETS, TCSETS, TCSETSW, TCSETSF, except that they take a struct termio * instead of a struct termios *.
TCGETA  struct termio *
TCSETA  const struct termio *
TCSETAW const struct termio *
TCSETAF const struct termio *
 

    Locking the termios structure

The termios structure of a terminal can be locked. The lock is itself a termios structure, with nonzero bits or fields indicating a locked value.
TIOCGLCKTRMIOS  struct termios *
  Gets the locking status of the termios structure of the terminal.
TIOCSLCKTRMIOS  const struct termios *
  Sets the locking status of the termios structure of the terminal. Only root (more precisely: a process with the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) can do this.

    Get and Set Window Size

Window sizes are kept in the kernel, but not used by the kernel (except in the case of virtual consoles, where the kernel will update the window size when the size of the virtual console changes, for example, by loading a new font).

The following constants and structure are defined in <sys/ioctl.h>.
TIOCGWINSZ      struct winsize *
  Get window size.
TIOCSWINSZ      const struct winsize *
  Set window size.
The struct used by these ioctls is defined as

struct winsize {
    unsigned short ws_row;
    unsigned short ws_col;
    unsigned short ws_xpixel;   /* unused */
    unsigned short ws_ypixel;   /* unused */
};

When the window size changes, a SIGWINCH signal is sent to the foreground process group.

    Sending a Break

TCSBRK  int
  Equivalent to tcsendbreak(fd, arg).
If the terminal is using asynchronous serial data transmission, and arg is zero, then send a break (a stream of zero bits) for between 0.25 and 0.5 seconds. If the terminal is not using asynchronous serial data transmission, then either a break is sent, or the function returns without doing anything. When arg is nonzero, nobody knows what will happen.

(SVr4, UnixWare, Solaris, Linux treat tcsendbreak(fd,arg) with nonzero arg like tcdrain(fd). SunOS treats arg as a multiplier, and sends a stream of bits arg times as long as done for zero arg. DG/UX and AIX treat arg (when nonzero) as a time interval measured in milliseconds. HP-UX ignores arg.)

TCSBRKP int
  So-called "POSIX version" of TCSBRK. It treats nonzero arg as a timeinterval measured in deciseconds, and does nothing when the driver does not support breaks.
TIOCSBRK        void
  Turn break on, that is, start sending zero bits.
TIOCCBRK        void
  Turn break off, that is, stop sending zero bits.

    Software flow control

TCXONC  int
  Equivalent to tcflow(fd, arg).
See tcflow(3) for the argument values TCOOFF, TCOON, TCIOFF, TCION.

    Buffer count and flushing

FIONREAD        int *
  Get the number of bytes in the input buffer.
TIOCINQ int *
  Same as FIONREAD.
TIOCOUTQ        int *
  Get the number of bytes in the output buffer.
TCFLSH  int
  Equivalent to tcflush(fd, arg).
See tcflush(3) for the argument values TCIFLUSH, TCOFLUSH, TCIOFLUSH.

    Faking input

TIOCSTI const char *
  Insert the given byte in the input queue.

    Redirecting console output

TIOCCONS        void
  Redirect output that would have gone to /dev/console or /dev/tty0 to the given terminal. If that was a pseudoterminal master, send it to the slave. In Linux before version 2.6.10, anybody can do this as long as the output was not redirected yet; since version 2.6.10, only root (a process with the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) may do this. If output was redirected already EBUSY is returned, but redirection can be stopped by using this ioctl with fd pointing at /dev/console or /dev/tty0.

    Controlling terminal

TIOCSCTTY       int
  Make the given terminal the controlling terminal of the calling process. The calling process must be a session leader and not have a controlling terminal already. If this terminal is already the controlling terminal of a different session group then the ioctl fails with EPERM, unless the caller is root (more precisely: has the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) and arg equals 1, in which case the terminal is stolen, and all processes that had it as controlling terminal lose it.
TIOCNOTTY       void
  If the given terminal was the controlling terminal of the calling process, give up this controlling terminal. If the process was session leader, then send SIGHUP and SIGCONT to the foreground process group and all processes in the current session lose their controlling terminal.

    Process group and session ID

TIOCGPGRP       pid_t *
  When successful, equivalent to *argp = tcgetpgrp(fd).
Get the process group ID of the foreground process group on this terminal.
TIOCSPGRP       const pid_t *
  Equivalent to tcsetpgrp(fd, *argp).
Set the foreground process group ID of this terminal.
TIOCGSID        pid_t *
  Get the session ID of the given terminal. This will fail with ENOTTY in case the terminal is not a master pseudoterminal and not our controlling terminal. Strange.

    Exclusive mode

TIOCEXCL        void
  Put the terminal into exclusive mode. No further open(2) operations on the terminal are permitted. (They will fail with EBUSY, except for root, that is, a process with the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability.)
TIOCNXCL        void
  Disable exclusive mode.

    Line discipline

TIOCGETD        int *
  Get the line discipline of the terminal.
TIOCSETD        const int *
  Set the line discipline of the terminal.

    Pseudoterminal ioctls

TIOCPKT const int *
  Enable (when *argp is nonzero) or disable packet mode. Can be applied to the master side of a pseudoterminal only (and will return ENOTTY otherwise). In packet mode, each subsequent read(2) will return a packet that either contains a single nonzero control byte, or has a single byte containing zero (   ) followed by data written on the slave side of the pseudoterminal. If the first byte is not TIOCPKT_DATA (0), it is an OR of one or more of the following bits:

TIOCPKT_FLUSHREAD   The read queue for the terminal is flushed.
TIOCPKT_FLUSHWRITE  The write queue for the terminal is flushed.
TIOCPKT_STOP        Output to the terminal is stopped.
TIOCPKT_START       Output to the terminal is restarted.
TIOCPKT_DOSTOP      The start and stop characters are ^S/^Q.
TIOCPKT_NOSTOP      The start and stop characters are not ^S/^Q.

While this mode is in use, the presence of control status information to be read from the master side may be detected by a select(2) for exceptional conditions.

This mode is used by rlogin(1) and rlogind(8) to implement a remote-echoed, locally ^S/^Q flow-controlled remote login.

The BSD ioctls TIOCSTOP, TIOCSTART, TIOCUCNTL, TIOCREMOTE have not been implemented under Linux.

    Modem control

TIOCMGET        int *
  get the status of modem bits.
TIOCMSET        const int *
  set the status of modem bits.
TIOCMBIC        const int *
  clear the indicated modem bits.
TIOCMBIS        const int *
  set the indicated modem bits.
Bits used by these four ioctls:

TIOCM_LE        DSR (data set ready/line enable)
TIOCM_DTR       DTR (data terminal ready)
TIOCM_RTS       RTS (request to send)
TIOCM_ST        Secondary TXD (transmit)
TIOCM_SR        Secondary RXD (receive)
TIOCM_CTS       CTS (clear to send)
TIOCM_CAR       DCD (data carrier detect)
TIOCM_CD         see TIOCM_CAR
TIOCM_RNG       RNG (ring)
TIOCM_RI         see TIOCM_RNG
TIOCM_DSR       DSR (data set ready)

    Marking a line as local

TIOCGSOFTCAR    int *
  ("Get software carrier flag") Get the status of the CLOCAL flag in the c_cflag field of the termios structure.
TIOCSSOFTCAR    const int *
  ("Set software carrier flag") Set the CLOCAL flag in the termios structure when *argp is nonzero, and clear it otherwise.
If the CLOCAL flag for a line is off, the hardware carrier detect (DCD) signal is significant, and an open(2) of the corresponding terminal will block until DCD is asserted, unless the O_NONBLOCK flag is given. If CLOCAL is set, the line behaves as if DCD is always asserted. The software carrier flag is usually turned on for local devices, and is off for lines with modems.

    Linux-specific

For the TIOCLINUX ioctl, see console_ioctl(4).

    Kernel debugging

#include <linux/tty.h>
TIOCTTYGSTRUCT  struct tty_struct *
  Get the tty_struct corresponding to fd.

RETURN VALUE

The ioctl(2) system call returns 0 on success. On error it returns -1 and sets errno appropriately.

ERRORS

EINVAL Invalid command parameter.
ENOIOCTLCMD
  Unknown command.
ENOTTY Inappropriate fd.
EPERM Insufficient permission.

EXAMPLE

Check the condition of DTR on the serial port.

#include <termios.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>

int main(void) { int fd, serial;

fd = open("/dev/ttyS0", O_RDONLY); ioctl(fd, TIOCMGET, &serial); if (serial & TIOCM_DTR) puts("TIOCM_DTR is not set"); else puts("TIOCM_DTR is set"); close(fd); }

SEE ALSO

ioctl(2), termios(3), console_ioctl(4), pty(7)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


Linux TTY_IOCTL (4) 2008-10-29
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