Manual Reference Pages  - TEXI2DVI (1)


texi2dvi - convert Texinfo documents to DVI




texi2dvi [OPTION]... FILE...


Run each Texinfo or (La)TeX FILE through TeX in turn until all cross-references are resolved, building all indices. The directory containing each FILE is searched for included files. The suffix of FILE is used to determine its language ((La)TeX or Texinfo). To process (e)plain TeX files, set the environment variable LATEX=tex.

In order to make texi2dvi a drop-in replacement of TeX/LaTeX in AUC-TeX, the FILE may also be composed of the following simple TeX commands.
  the actual file to compile
  same as --batch
Makeinfo is used to perform Texinfo macro expansion before running TeX when needed.

    General options:

-b, --batch
  no interaction
-D, --debug
  turn on shell debugging (set -x)
-h, --help display this help and exit successfully
-o, --output=OFILE
  leave output in OFILE (implies --clean); only one input FILE may be specified in this case
-q, --quiet
  no output unless errors (implies --batch)
-s, --silent
  same as --quiet
-v, --version
  display version information and exit successfully
-V, --verbose
  report on what is done

    TeX tuning:

-@ use @input instead of \input for preloaded Texinfo
--dvi output a DVI file [default]
  output a PDF file via DVI (using dvipdf)
-e, -E, --expand
  force macro expansion using makeinfo
-I DIR search DIR for Texinfo files
-l, --language=LANG
  specify LANG for FILE, either latex or texinfo
  do not pass --file-line-error to TeX
-p, --pdf use pdftex or pdflatex for processing
-r, --recode
  call recode before TeX to translate input
  recode from ENC to the @documentencoding
  pass --src-specials to TeX
-t, --command=CMD
  insert CMD in copy of input file
or --texinfo=CMD
  multiple values accumulate
  use given charset translation file for TeX

    Build modes:

  specify the treatment of auxiliary files [local]
--tidy same as --build=tidy
-c, --clean
  same as --build=clean
  specify where the tidy compilation is performed; implies --tidy; defaults to TEXI2DVI_BUILD_DIRECTORY [.]
  remove the auxiliary files and directories but not the output
The MODE specifies where the TeX compilation takes place, and, as a consequence, how auxiliary files are treated. The build mode can also be set using the environment variable TEXI2DVI_BUILD_MODE.

    Valid MODEs are:

  compile in the current directory, leaving all the auxiliary files around. This is the traditional TeX use.
‘tidy’ compile in a local *.t2d directory, where the auxiliary files are left. Output files are copied back to the original file.
  same as ‘tidy’, but remove the auxiliary directory afterwards. Every compilation therefore requires the full cycle.

    Using the ‘tidy’ mode brings several advantages:

- the current directory is not cluttered with plethora of temporary files.
- clutter can be even reduced using --build-dir=dir: all the *.t2d directories are stored there.
- clutter can be reduced to zero using, e.g., --build-dir=/tmp/$USER.t2d or --build-dir=$HOME/.t2d.
- the output file is updated after every succesful TeX run, for sake of concurrent visualization of the output. In a ‘local’ build the viewer stops during the whole TeX run.
- if the compilation fails, the previous state of the output file is preserved.
- PDF and DVI compilation are kept in separate subdirectories preventing any possibility of auxiliary file incompatibility.
On the other hand, because ‘tidy’ compilation takes place in another directory, occasionally TeX won’t be able to find some files (e.g., when using \graphicspath): in that case use -I to specify the additional directories to consider.

The values of the BIBTEX, LATEX (or PDFLATEX), MAKEINDEX, MAKEINFO, TEX (or PDFTEX), TEXINDEX, and THUMBPDF environment variables are used to run those commands, if they are set. Any CMD strings are added after @setfilename for Texinfo input, in the first line for LaTeX input.


Email bug reports to <>, general questions and discussion to <>. Texinfo home page:


Copyright © 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


The full documentation for texi2dvi is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and texi2dvi programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info texi2dvi
should give you access to the complete manual.

texi2dvi 1.135 TEXI2DVI (1) September 2008
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