taskset is used to set or retrieve the CPU affinity of a running process given its PID
or to launch a new COMMAND with a given CPU affinity. CPU affinity is a
scheduler property that "bonds" a process to a given set of CPUs on the system.
The Linux scheduler will honor the given CPU affinity and the process will not
run on any other CPUs. Note that the Linux scheduler also supports natural
CPU affinity: the scheduler attempts to keep processes on the same CPU as long
as practical for performance reasons. Therefore, forcing a specific CPU
affinity is useful only in certain applications.
The CPU affinity is represented as a bitmask, with the lowest order bit
corresponding to the first logical CPU and the highest order bit corresponding
to the last logical CPU. Not all CPUs may exist on a given system but a mask
may specify more CPUs than are present. A retrieved mask will reflect only the
bits that correspond to CPUs physically on the system. If an invalid mask is
given (i.e., one that corresponds to no valid CPUs on the current system) an
error is returned. The masks are typically given in hexadecimal. For example,
is processor #0
is processors #0 and #1
is all processors (#0 through #31).
taskset returns, it is guaranteed that the given program has been scheduled to a legal