Manual Reference Pages  - <sys/types.h> (P)

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

CONTENTS

Name
Synopsis
Description
Application Usage
Rationale
Future Directions
See Also
Copyright

NAME

sys/types.h - data types

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h>

DESCRIPTION

The <sys/types.h> header shall include definitions for at least the following types:
blkcnt_t
  Used for file block counts.
blksize_t
  Used for block sizes.
clock_t Used for system times in clock ticks or CLOCKS_PER_SEC; see <time.h> .
clockid_t
  Used for clock ID type in the clock and timer functions.
dev_t Used for device IDs.
fsblkcnt_t
  Used for file system block counts.
fsfilcnt_t
  Used for file system file counts.
gid_t Used for group IDs.
id_t Used as a general identifier; can be used to contain at least a pid_t, uid_t, or gid_t.
ino_t Used for file serial numbers.
key_t Used for XSI interprocess communication.
mode_t Used for some file attributes.
nlink_t Used for link counts.
off_t Used for file sizes.
pid_t Used for process IDs and process group IDs.
pthread_attr_t
  Used to identify a thread attribute object.
pthread_barrier_t
  Used to identify a barrier.
pthread_barrierattr_t
  Used to define a barrier attributes object.
pthread_cond_t
  Used for condition variables.
pthread_condattr_t
  Used to identify a condition attribute object.
pthread_key_t
  Used for thread-specific data keys.
pthread_mutex_t
  Used for mutexes.
pthread_mutexattr_t
  Used to identify a mutex attribute object.
pthread_once_t
  Used for dynamic package initialization.
pthread_rwlock_t
  Used for read-write locks.
pthread_rwlockattr_t
  Used for read-write lock attributes.
pthread_spinlock_t
  Used to identify a spin lock.
pthread_t
  Used to identify a thread.
size_t Used for sizes of objects.
ssize_t Used for a count of bytes or an error indication.
suseconds_t
  Used for time in microseconds.
time_t Used for time in seconds.
timer_t Used for timer ID returned by timer_create().
trace_attr_t
  Used to identify a trace stream attributes object.
trace_event_id_t
  Used to identify a trace event type.
trace_event_set_t
  Used to identify a trace event type set.
trace_id_t
  Used to identify a trace stream.
uid_t Used for user IDs.
useconds_t
  Used for time in microseconds.

All of the types shall be defined as arithmetic types of an appropriate length, with the following exceptions:

key_t

pthread_attr_t

pthread_barrier_t
pthread_barrierattr_t

pthread_cond_t
pthread_condattr_t
pthread_key_t
pthread_mutex_t
pthread_mutexattr_t
pthread_once_t
pthread_rwlock_t
pthread_rwlockattr_t

pthread_spinlock_t

trace_attr_t
trace_event_id_t

trace_event_set_t

trace_id_t

Additionally:
* mode_t shall be an integer type.
* nlink_t, uid_t, gid_t, and id_t shall be integer types.
* blkcnt_t and off_t shall be signed integer types.
* fsblkcnt_t, fsfilcnt_t, and ino_t shall be defined as unsigned integer types.
* size_t shall be an unsigned integer type.
* blksize_t, pid_t, and ssize_t shall be signed integer types.
* time_t and clock_t shall be integer or real-floating types.

The type ssize_t shall be capable of storing values at least in the range [-1, {SSIZE_MAX}]. The type useconds_t shall be an unsigned integer type capable of storing values at least in the range [0, 1000000]. The type suseconds_t shall be a signed integer type capable of storing values at least in the range [-1, 1000000].

The implementation shall support one or more programming environments in which the widths of blksize_t, pid_t, size_t, ssize_t, suseconds_t, and useconds_t are no greater than the width of type long. The names of these programming environments can be obtained using the confstr() function or the getconf utility.

There are no defined comparison or assignment operators for the following types:

pthread_attr_t

pthread_barrier_t
pthread_barrierattr_t

pthread_cond_t
pthread_condattr_t
pthread_mutex_t
pthread_mutexattr_t
pthread_rwlock_t
pthread_rwlockattr_t

pthread_spinlock_t

trace_attr_t

The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE

None.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

<time.h> , the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, confstr(), the Shell and Utilities volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, getconf

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


IEEE/The Open Group <sys/types.h> (P) 2003
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