sudoreplay - replay sudo session logs
sudoreplay [-h] [-d directory] [-f filter] [-m max_wait] [-s speed_factor] ID
sudoreplay [-h] [-d directory] -l [search expression]
sudoreplay plays back or lists the output logs created by sudo. When replaying, sudoreplay can play the session back in real-time, or the playback speed may be adjusted (faster or slower) based on the command line options.
The ID should either be a six character sequence of digits and upper case letters, e.g. 0100A5, or a pattern matching the iolog_file option in the sudoers file. When a command is run via sudo with log_output enabled in the sudoers file, a TSID=ID string is logged via syslog or to the sudo log file. The ID may also be determined using sudoreplays list mode.
In list mode, sudoreplay can be used to find the ID of a session based on a number of criteria such as the user, tty or command run.
In replay mode, if the standard output has not been redirected, sudoreplay will act on the following keys:
(space) Pause output; press any key to resume. < Reduce the playback speed by one half. > Double the playback speed.
sudoreplay accepts the following command line options:
-d directory Use directory to for the session logs instead of the default, /var/log/sudo-io. -f filter By default, sudoreplay will play back the commands standard output, standard error and tty output. The -f option can be used to select which of these to output. The filter argument is a comma-separated list, consisting of one or more of following: stdout, stderr, and ttyout. -h The -h (help) option causes sudoreplay to print a short help message to the standard output and exit. -l [search expression] Enable list mode. In this mode, sudoreplay will list available sessions in a format similar to the sudo log file format, sorted by file name (or sequence number). If a search expression is specified, it will be used to restrict the IDs that are displayed. An expression is composed of the following predicates:
command command pattern Evaluates to true if the command run matches command pattern. On systems with POSIX regular expression support, the pattern may be an extended regular expression. On systems without POSIX regular expression support, a simple substring match is performed instead. cwd directory Evaluates to true if the command was run with the specified current working directory. fromdate date Evaluates to true if the command was run on or after date. See Date and time format for a description of supported date and time formats. group runas_group Evaluates to true if the command was run with the specified runas_group. Note that unless a runas_group was explicitly specified when sudo was run this field will be empty in the log. runas runas_user Evaluates to true if the command was run as the specified runas_user. Note that sudo runs commands as user root by default. todate date Evaluates to true if the command was run on or prior to date. See Date and time format for a description of supported date and time formats. tty tty Evaluates to true if the command was run on the specified terminal device. The tty should be specified without the /dev/ prefix, e.g. tty01 instead of /dev/tty01. user user name Evaluates to true if the ID matches a command run by user name.
Predicates may be abbreviated to the shortest unique string (currently all predicates may be shortened to a single character).
Predicates may be combined using and, or and ! operators as well as ( and ) for grouping (note that parentheses must generally be escaped from the shell). The and operator is optional, adjacent predicates have an implied and unless separated by an or.
-m max_wait Specify an upper bound on how long to wait between key presses or output data. By default, sudo_replay will accurately reproduce the delays between key presses or program output. However, this can be tedious when the session includes long pauses. When the -m option is specified, sudoreplay will limit these pauses to at most max_wait seconds. The value may be specified as a floating point number, .e.g. 2.5. -s speed_factor This option causes sudoreplay to adjust the number of seconds it will wait between key presses or program output. This can be used to slow down or speed up the display. For example, a speed_factor of 2 would make the output twice as fast whereas a speed_factor of <.5> would make the output twice as slow. -V The -V (version) option causes sudoreplay to print its version number and exit.
The time and date may be specified multiple ways, common formats include:
Either time or date may be omitted, the am/pm and timezone are optional. If no date is specified, the current day is assumed; if no time is specified, the first second of the specified date is used. The less significant parts of both time and date may also be omitted, in which case zero is assumed. For example, the following are all valid:
HH:MM:SS am MM/DD/CCYY timezone 24 hour time may be used in place of am/pm. HH:MM:SS am Month, Day Year timezone 24 hour time may be used in place of am/pm, and month and day names may be abbreviated. Note that month and day of the week names must be specified in English. CCYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS ISO time format DD Month CCYY HH:MM:SS The month name may be abbreviated.
The following are all valid time and date specifications:
now The current time and date. tomorrow Exactly one day from now. yesterday 24 hours ago. 2 hours ago 2 hours ago. next Friday The first second of the next Friday. this week The current time but the first day of the coming week. a fortnight ago The current time but 14 days ago. 10:01 am 9/17/2009 10:01 am, September 17, 2009. 10:01 am 10:01 am on the current day. 10 10:00 am on the current day. 9/17/2009 00:00 am, September 17, 2009. 10:01 am Sep 17, 2009 10:01 am, September 17, 2009.
Note that the stdin, stdout and stderr files will be empty unless sudo was used as part of a pipeline for a particular command.
/var/log/sudo-io The default I/O log directory. /var/log/sudo-io/00/00/01/log Example session log info. /var/log/sudo-io/00/00/01/stdin Example session standard input log. /var/log/sudo-io/00/00/01/stdout Example session standard output log. /var/log/sudo-io/00/00/01/stderr Example session standard error log. /var/log/sudo-io/00/00/01/ttyin Example session tty input file. /var/log/sudo-io/00/00/01/ttyout Example session tty output file. /var/log/sudo-io/00/00/01/timing Example session timing file.
List sessions run by user millert:
sudoreplay -l user millert
List sessions run by user bob with a command containing the string vi:
sudoreplay -l user bob command vi
List sessions run by user jeff that match a regular expression:
sudoreplay -l user jeff command /bin/[a-z]*sh
List sessions run by jeff or bob on the console:
sudoreplay -l ( user jeff or user bob ) tty console
Todd C. Miller
If you feel you have found a bug in sudoreplay, please submit a bug report at http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/bugs/
Limited free support is available via the sudo-users mailing list, see http://www.sudo.ws/mailman/listinfo/sudo-users to subscribe or search the archives.
sudoreplay is provided AS IS and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. See the LICENSE file distributed with sudo or http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/license.html for complete details.
|1.8.5||SUDOREPLAY (8)||April 16, 2012|