strtod, strtof, strtold - convert ASCII string to floating-point number

Synopsis

Description

Errors

Notes

Example

Colophon

#include <stdlib.h>

double strtod(const char *nptr, char **endptr);

float strtof(const char *nptr, char **endptr);

long double strtold(const char *nptr, char **endptr);Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see

feature_test_macros(7)):

strtof(),strtold():_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;

orcc -std=c99

Thestrtod(),strtof(), andstrtold() functions convert the initial portion of the string pointed to bynptrtodouble,float, andlong doublerepresentation, respectively.The expected form of the (initial portion of the) string is optional leading white space as recognized by

isspace(3), an optional plus ( + ) or minus sign ( - ) and then either (i) a decimal number, or (ii) a hexadecimal number, or (iii) an infinity, or (iv) a NAN (not-a-number).A

decimal numberconsists of a nonempty sequence of decimal digits possibly containing a radix character (decimal point, locale-dependent, usually . ), optionally followed by a decimal exponent. A decimal exponent consists of an E or e , followed by an optional plus or minus sign, followed by a nonempty sequence of decimal digits, and indicates multiplication by a power of 10.A

hexadecimal numberconsists of a "0x" or "0X" followed by a nonempty sequence of hexadecimal digits possibly containing a radix character, optionally followed by a binary exponent. A binary exponent consists of a P or p , followed by an optional plus or minus sign, followed by a nonempty sequence of decimal digits, and indicates multiplication by a power of 2. At least one of radix character and binary exponent must be present.An

infinityis either "INF" or "INFINITY", disregarding case.A

NANis "NAN" (disregarding case) optionally followed by ( , a sequence of characters, followed by ) . The character string specifies in an implementation-dependent way the type of NAN.

These functions return the converted value, if any.If

endptris not NULL, a pointer to the character after the last character used in the conversion is stored in the location referenced byendptr.If no conversion is performed, zero is returned and the value of

nptris stored in the location referenced byendptr.If the correct value would cause overflow, plus or minus

HUGE_VAL(HUGE_VALF,HUGE_VALL) is returned (according to the sign of the value), andERANGEis stored inerrno. If the correct value would cause underflow, zero is returned andERANGEis stored inerrno.

ERANGEOverflow or underflow occurred.

C89 describesstrtod(), C99 describes the other two functions.

Since 0 can legitimately be returned on both success and failure, the calling program should seterrnoto 0 before the call, and then determine if an error occurred by checking whethererrnohas a nonzero value after the call.

See the example on thestrtol(3) manual page; the use of the functions described in this manual page is similar.

atof(3),atoi(3),atol(3),strtol(3),strtoul(3)

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linuxman-pagesproject. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux |
STRTOD (3) | 2010-09-20 |