Manual Reference Pages  - STAT (1)


stat - display file or file system status




stat [OPTION]... FILE...


Display file or file system status.
-L, --dereference
  follow links
-f, --file-system
  display file system status instead of file status
-c --format=FORMAT
  use the specified FORMAT instead of the default; output a newline after each use of FORMAT
  like --format, but interpret backslash escapes, and do not output a mandatory trailing newline. If you want a newline, include \n in FORMAT
-t, --terse
  print the information in terse form
--help display this help and exit
  output version information and exit
The valid format sequences for files (without --file-system):
%a Access rights in octal
%A Access rights in human readable form
%b Number of blocks allocated (see %B)
%B The size in bytes of each block reported by %b
%C SELinux security context string
%d Device number in decimal
%D Device number in hex
%f Raw mode in hex
%F File type
%g Group ID of owner
%G Group name of owner
%h Number of hard links
%i Inode number
%m Mount point
%n File name
%N Quoted file name with dereference if symbolic link
%o I/O block size
%s Total size, in bytes
%t Major device type in hex
%T Minor device type in hex
%u User ID of owner
%U User name of owner
%w Time of file birth, human-readable; - if unknown
%W Time of file birth, seconds since Epoch; 0 if unknown
%x Time of last access, human-readable
%X Time of last access, seconds since Epoch
%y Time of last modification, human-readable
%Y Time of last modification, seconds since Epoch
%z Time of last change, human-readable
%Z Time of last change, seconds since Epoch
Valid format sequences for file systems:
%a Free blocks available to non-superuser
%b Total data blocks in file system
%c Total file nodes in file system
%d Free file nodes in file system
%f Free blocks in file system
%i File System ID in hex
%l Maximum length of filenames
%n File name
%s Block size (for faster transfers)
%S Fundamental block size (for block counts)
%t Type in hex
%T Type in human readable form
NOTE: your shell may have its own version of stat, which usually supersedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell’s documentation for details about the options it supports.


Written by Michael Meskes.


Report stat bugs to
GNU coreutils home page: <>
General help using GNU software: <>
Report stat translation bugs to <>


Copyright © 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.



The full documentation for stat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and stat programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info coreutils stat invocation
should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.12.197-032bb STAT (1) September 2011
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