Manual Reference Pages  - <sched.h> (P)

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

CONTENTS

Name
Synopsis
Description
Application Usage
Rationale
Future Directions
See Also
Copyright

NAME

sched.h - execution scheduling (REALTIME)

SYNOPSIS

#include <sched.h>

DESCRIPTION

The <sched.h> header shall define the sched_param structure, which contains the scheduling parameters required for implementation of each supported scheduling policy. This structure shall contain at least the following member:

int sched_priority Process execution scheduling priority.

In addition, if _POSIX_SPORADIC_SERVER or _POSIX_THREAD_SPORADIC_SERVER is defined, the sched_param structure defined in <sched.h> shall contain the following members in addition to those specified above:

int sched_ss_low_priority Low scheduling priority for sporadic server. struct timespec sched_ss_repl_period Replenishment period for sporadic server. struct timespec sched_ss_init_budget Initial budget for sporadic server. int sched_ss_max_repl Maximum pending replenishments for sporadic server.

Each process is controlled by an associated scheduling policy and priority. Associated with each policy is a priority range. Each policy definition specifies the minimum priority range for that policy. The priority ranges for each policy may overlap the priority ranges of other policies.

Four scheduling policies are defined; others may be defined by the implementation. The four standard policies are indicated by the values of the following symbolic constants:
SCHED_FIFO
  First in-first out (FIFO) scheduling policy.
SCHED_RR
  Round robin scheduling policy.
SCHED_SPORADIC
  Sporadic server scheduling policy.
SCHED_OTHER
  Another scheduling policy.

The values of these constants are distinct.

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

int sched_get_priority_max(int); int sched_get_priority_min(int);

int sched_getparam(pid_t, struct sched_param *); int sched_getscheduler(pid_t);

int sched_rr_get_interval(pid_t, struct timespec *);

int sched_setparam(pid_t, const struct sched_param *); int sched_setscheduler(pid_t, int, const struct sched_param *);

int sched_yield(void);

Inclusion of the <sched.h> header may make visible all symbols from the <time.h> header.

The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE

None.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

<time.h>

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


IEEE/The Open Group <sched.h> (P) 2003
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