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scalbln, scalblnf, scalblnl, scalbn, scalbnf, scalbnl - compute exponent using FLT_RADIX

#include <math.h>

double scalbln(doublex, longn);

float scalblnf(floatx, longn);

long double scalblnl(long doublex, longn);

double scalbn(doublex, intn);

float scalbnf(floatx, intn);

long double scalbnl(long doublex, intn);

These functions shall compute

x* FLT_RADIX**nefficiently, not normally by computing FLT_RADIX**nexplicitly.An application wishing to check for error situations should set

errnoto zero and callfeclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, iferrnois non-zero orfetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return

x* FLT_RADIX**n.If the result would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and these functions shall return ±HUGE_VAL, ±HUGE_VALF, and ±HUGE_VALL (according to the sign of

x) as appropriate for the return type of the function.If the correct value would cause underflow, and is not representable, a range error may occur, and either 0.0 (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.

If

xis NaN, a NaN shall be returned.If

xis ±0 or ±Inf,xshall be returned.If

nis 0,xshall be returned.If the correct value would cause underflow, and is representable, a range error may occur and the correct value shall be returned.

These functions shall fail if:

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then

Range Error The result overflows. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errnoshall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall be raised.

These functions may fail if: Range Error The result underflows. errnoshall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the underflow floating-point exception shall be raised.

The following sections are informative.

None.

On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

These functions are named so as to avoid conflicting with the historical definition of the

scalb() function from the Single UNIX Specification. The difference is that thescalb() function has a second argument ofdoubleinstead ofint. Thescalb() function is not part of the ISO C standard. The three functions whose second type islongare provided because the factor required to scale from the smallest positive floating-point value to the largest finite one, on many implementations, is too large to represent in the minimum-widthintformat.

None.

feclearexcept() ,fetestexcept() ,scalb() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions,<math.h>

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group |
SCALBLN (P) | 2003 |