Manual Reference Pages  - PTHREAD_MUTEXATTR_GETTYPE (P)

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer’s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

CONTENTS

Name
Synopsis
Description
Return Value
Errors
Examples
Application Usage
Rationale
Future Directions
See Also
Copyright

NAME

pthread_mutexattr_gettype, pthread_mutexattr_settype - get and set the mutex type attribute

SYNOPSIS

#include <pthread.h>

int pthread_mutexattr_gettype(const pthread_mutexattr_t *restrict attr,
int *restrict
type);
int pthread_mutexattr_settype(pthread_mutexattr_t
*attr, int type);

DESCRIPTION

The pthread_mutexattr_gettype() and pthread_mutexattr_settype() functions, respectively, shall get and set the mutex type attribute. This attribute is set in the type parameter to these functions. The default value of the type attribute is PTHREAD_MUTEX_DEFAULT.

The type of mutex is contained in the type attribute of the mutex attributes. Valid mutex types include:
PTHREAD_MUTEX_NORMAL
 

This type of mutex does not detect deadlock. A thread attempting to relock this mutex without first unlocking it shall deadlock. Attempting to unlock a mutex locked by a different thread results in undefined behavior. Attempting to unlock an unlocked mutex results in undefined behavior.

PTHREAD_MUTEX_ERRORCHECK
 

This type of mutex provides error checking. A thread attempting to relock this mutex without first unlocking it shall return with an error. A thread attempting to unlock a mutex which another thread has locked shall return with an error. A thread attempting to unlock an unlocked mutex shall return with an error.

PTHREAD_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
 

A thread attempting to relock this mutex without first unlocking it shall succeed in locking the mutex. The relocking deadlock which can occur with mutexes of type PTHREAD_MUTEX_NORMAL cannot occur with this type of mutex. Multiple locks of this mutex shall require the same number of unlocks to release the mutex before another thread can acquire the mutex. A thread attempting to unlock a mutex which another thread has locked shall return with an error. A thread attempting to unlock an unlocked mutex shall return with an error.

PTHREAD_MUTEX_DEFAULT
 

Attempting to recursively lock a mutex of this type results in undefined behavior. Attempting to unlock a mutex of this type which was not locked by the calling thread results in undefined behavior. Attempting to unlock a mutex of this type which is not locked results in undefined behavior. An implementation may map this mutex to one of the other mutex types.

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, the pthread_mutexattr_gettype() function shall return zero and store the value of the type attribute of attr into the object referenced by the type parameter. Otherwise, an error shall be returned to indicate the error.

If successful, the pthread_mutexattr_settype() function shall return zero; otherwise, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.

ERRORS

The pthread_mutexattr_settype() function shall fail if:
EINVAL The value type is invalid.

The pthread_mutexattr_gettype() and pthread_mutexattr_settype() functions may fail if:
EINVAL The value specified by attr is invalid.

These functions shall not return an error code of [EINTR].

The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES

None.

APPLICATION USAGE

It is advised that an application should not use a PTHREAD_MUTEX_RECURSIVE mutex with condition variables because the implicit unlock performed for a pthread_cond_timedwait() or pthread_cond_wait() may not actually release the mutex (if it had been locked multiple times). If this happens, no other thread can satisfy the condition of the predicate.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

pthread_cond_timedwait() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <pthread.h>

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .


IEEE/The Open Group PTHREAD_MUTEXATTR_GETTYPE (P) 2003
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