Manual Reference Pages  - OFFSETOF (3)

NAME

offsetof - offset of a structure member

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Example
     Program source
Colophon

SYNOPSIS


#include <stddef.h> 

size_t offsetof(type, member);

DESCRIPTION

The macro offsetof() returns the offset of the field member from the start of the structure type.

This macro is useful because the sizes of the fields that compose a structure can vary across implementations, and compilers may insert different numbers of padding bytes between fields. Consequently, an element’s offset is not necessarily given by the sum of the sizes of the previous elements.

A compiler error will result if member is not aligned to a byte boundary (i.e., it is a bit field).

RETURN VALUE

offsetof() returns the offset of the given member within the given type, in units of bytes.

CONFORMING TO

C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001.

EXAMPLE

On a Linux/i386 system, when compiled using the default gcc(1) options, the program below produces the following output:

$ ./a.out offsets: i=0; c=4; d=8 a=16 sizeof(struct s)=16

    Program source

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main(void) { struct s { int i; char c; double d; char a[]; };

/* Output is compiler dependent */

printf("offsets: i=%ld; c=%ld; d=%ld a=%ld\n", (long) offsetof(struct s, i), (long) offsetof(struct s, c), (long) offsetof(struct s, d), (long) offsetof(struct s, a)); printf("sizeof(struct s)=%ld\n", (long) sizeof(struct s));

exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


GNU OFFSETOF (3) 2008-07-12
blog comments powered by Disqus