# Manual Reference Pages  - NEXTAFTER (3)

### NAME

nextafter, nextafterf, nextafterl, nexttoward, nexttowardf, nexttowardl - floating-point number manipulation

Synopsis
Description
Return Value
Errors
Bugs
Colophon

### SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double nextafter(double x, double y);
float nextafterf(float x, float y);
long double nextafterl(long double x, long double y);

double nexttoward(double x, long double y);
float nexttowardf(float x, long double y);
long double nexttowardl(long double x, long double y);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

nextafter():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

nextafterf(), nextafterl():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), nexttowardl():
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

### DESCRIPTION

The nextafter() functions return the next representable floating-point value following x in the direction of y. If y is less than x, these functions will return the largest representable number less than x.

If x equals y, the functions return y.

The nexttoward() functions do the same as the nextafter() functions, except that they have a long double second argument.

### RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the next representable floating-point value after x in the direction of y.

If x equals y, then y (cast to the same type as x) is returned.

If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is finite, and the result would overflow, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the correct mathematical sign.

If x is not equal to y, and the correct function result would be subnormal, zero, or underflow, a range error occurs, and either the correct value (if it can be represented), or 0.0, is returned.

### ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:
Range error: result overflow
An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
Range error: result is subnormal or underflows
An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.
These functions do not set errno.

### CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001. This function is defined in IEC 559 (and the appendix with recommended functions in IEEE 754/IEEE 854).

### BUGS

In glibc version 2.5 and earlier, these functions do not raise an underflow floating-point (FE_UNDERFLOW) exception when an underflow occurs.