Manual Reference Pages  - LVCONVERT (8)


lvconvert - convert a logical volume from linear to mirror or snapshot


See Also


lvconvert -m|--mirrors Mirrors [--mirrorlog {disk|core|mirrored}] [--corelog] [-R|--regionsize MirrorLogRegionSize] [-A|--alloc AllocationPolicy] [-b|--background] [-f|--force] [-i|--interval Seconds] [-h|-?|--help] [--stripes Stripes [-I|--stripesize StripeSize]] [--noudevsync] [-v|--verbose] [-y|--yes] [--version]
LogicalVolume[Path] [PhysicalVolume[Path][:PE[-PE]]...]

lvconvert --splitmirrors Images --name SplitLogicalVolumeName
MirrorLogicalVolume[Path] [SplittablePhysicalVolume[Path][:PE[-PE]]...]

lvconvert -s|--snapshot [-c|--chunksize ChunkSize] [-h|-?|--help] [--noudevsync] [-v|--verbose] [-Z|--zero y|n] [--version]
OriginalLogicalVolume[Path] SnapshotLogicalVolume[Path]

lvconvert --merge [-b|--background] [-i|--interval Seconds] [-h|-?|--help] [-v|--verbose] [--version] SnapshotLogicalVolume[Path]...

lvconvert --repair [-h|-?|--help] [-v|--verbose] [--version] LogicalVolume[Path] [PhysicalVolume[Path]...]


lvconvert is used to change the segment type (i.e. linear, mirror, etc) or characteristics of a logical volume. For example, it can add or remove the redundant images of a logical volume, change the log type of a mirror, or designate a logical volume as a snapshot repository.
If the conversion requires allocation of physical extents (for example, when converting from linear to mirror) and you specify one or more PhysicalVolumes (optionally with ranges of physical extents), allocation of physical extents will be restricted to these physical extents. If the conversion frees physical extents (for example, when converting from a mirror to a linear, or reducing mirror legs) and you specify one or more PhysicalVolumes, the freed extents come first from the specified PhysicalVolumes.


See lvm for common options.
Exactly one of --splitmirrors, --mirrors, --repair, --snapshot or --merge arguments is required.
-m, --mirrors Mirrors
  Specifies the degree of the mirror you wish to create. For example, "-m 1" would convert the original logical volume to a mirror volume with 2-sides; that is, a linear volume plus one copy.
--mirrorlog {disk|core|mirrored}
  Specifies the type of log to use. The default is disk, which is persistent and requires a small amount of storage space, usually on a separate device from the data being mirrored. Core may be useful for short-lived mirrors: It means the mirror is regenerated by copying the data from the first device again every time the device is activated - perhaps, for example, after every reboot. Using "mirrored" will create a persistent log that is itself mirrored.
  The optional argument "--corelog" is the same as specifying "--mirrorlog core".
-R, --regionsize MirrorLogRegionSize
  A mirror is divided into regions of this size (in MB), and the mirror log uses this granularity to track which regions are in sync.
-b, --background
  Run the daemon in the background.
-i, --interval Seconds
  Report progress as a percentage at regular intervals.
  Disable udev synchronisation. The process will not wait for notification from udev. It will continue irrespective of any possible udev processing in the background. You should only use this if udev is not running or has rules that ignore the devices LVM2 creates.

--splitmirrors Images
  The number of redundant Images of a mirror to be split off and used to form a new logical volume. A name must be supplied for the newly-split-off logical volume using the --name argument.

-n Name The name to apply to a logical volume which has been split off from a mirror logical volume.

-s, --snapshot
  Create a snapshot from existing logical volume using another existing logical volume as its origin.
-c, --chunksize ChunkSize
  Power of 2 chunk size for the snapshot logical volume between 4k and 512k.
-Z, --zero y|n
  Controls zeroing of the first KB of data in the snapshot. If the volume is read-only the snapshot will not be zeroed.
--merge Merges a snapshot into its origin volume. To check if your kernel supports this feature, look for ’snapshot-merge’ in the output of ’dmsetup targets’. If both the origin and snapshot volume are not open the merge will start immediately. Otherwise, the merge will start the first time either the origin or snapshot are activated and both are closed. Merging a snapshot into an origin that cannot be closed, for example a root filesystem, is deferred until the next time the origin volume is activated. When merging starts, the resulting logical volume will have the origin’s name, minor number and UUID. While the merge is in progress, reads or writes to the origin appear as they were directed to the snapshot being merged. When the merge finishes, the merged snapshot is removed. Multiple snapshots may be specified on the commandline or a @tag may be used to specify multiple snapshots be merged to their respective origin.

  Repair a mirror after suffering a disk failure. The mirror will be brought back into a consistent state. By default, the original number of mirrors will be restored if possible. Specify -y on the command line to skip the prompts. Use -f if you do not want any replacement. Additionally, you may use --use-policies to use the device replacement policy specified in lvm.conf, viz. activation/mirror_log_fault_policy or activation/mirror_device_fault_policy.


"lvconvert -m1 vg00/lvol1"
converts the linear logical volume "vg00/lvol1" to a two-way mirror logical volume.

"lvconvert --mirrorlog core vg00/lvol1"
converts a mirror with a disk log to a mirror with an in-memory log.

"lvconvert --mirrorlog disk vg00/lvol1"
converts a mirror with an in-memory log to a mirror with a disk log.

"lvconvert -m0 vg00/lvol1"
converts a mirror logical volume to a linear logical volume.

"lvconvert -s vg00/lvol1 vg00/lvol2"
converts logical volume "vg00/lvol2" to snapshot of original volume "vg00/lvol1"

"lvconvert -m1 vg00/lvol1 /dev/sda:0-15 /dev/sdb:0-15"
converts linear logical volume "vg00/lvol1" to a two-way mirror, using physical extents /dev/sda:0-15 and /dev/sdb:0-15 for allocation of new extents.

"lvconvert -m0 vg00/lvmirror1 /dev/sda
converts mirror logical volume "vg00/lvmirror1" to linear, freeing physical extents from /dev/sda.

"lvconvert --merge vg00/lvol1_snap"
merges "vg00/lvol1_snap" into its origin.

"lvconvert --merge @some_tag"
If vg00/lvol1, vg00/lvol2, and vg00/lvol3 are all tagged with "some_tag" each snapshot logical volume will be merged serially, e.g.: vg00/lvol1, then vg00/lvol2, then vg00/lvol3. If --background were used it would start all snapshot logical volume merges in parallel.


lvm(8), vgcreate(8), lvremove(8), lvrename(8), lvextend(8), lvreduce(8), lvdisplay(8), lvscan(8)

Red Hat, Inc LVCONVERT (8) LVM TOOLS 2.02.84(2)-RHEL5 (2011-08-26)
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