Manual Reference Pages  - lp (1)


lp - print files


Common Job Options
See Also


lp [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -d destination[/instance] ] [ -h hostname[:port] ] [ -m ] [ -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -q priority ] [ -s ] [ -t title ] [ -H handling ] [ -P page-list ] [ -- ] [ file(s) ]
lp [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -h hostname[:port] ] [ -i job-id ] [ -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -q priority ] [ -t title ] [ -H handling ] [ -P page-list ]


lp submits files for printing or alters a pending job. Use a filename of "-" to force printing from the standard input.


The following options are recognized by lp:
-- Marks the end of options; use this to print a file whose name begins with a dash (-).
-E Forces encryption when connecting to the server.
-U username
  Specifies the username to use when connecting to the server.
-c This option is provided for backwards-compatibility only. On systems that support it, this option forces the print file to be copied to the spool directory before printing. In CUPS, print files are always sent to the scheduler via IPP which has the same effect.
-d destination
  Prints files to the named printer.
-h hostname[:port]
  Chooses an alternate server.
-i job-id
  Specifies an existing job to modify.
-m Sends an email when the job is completed.
-n copies
  Sets the number of copies to print from 1 to 100.
-o "name=value [name=value ...]"
  Sets one or more job options.
-q priority
  Sets the job priority from 1 (lowest) to 100 (highest). The default priority is 50.
-s Do not report the resulting job IDs (silent mode.)
-t "name"
  Sets the job name.
-u username
  Submits jobs as username.
-H hh:mm
-H hold
-H immediate
-H restart
-H resume
  Specifies when the job should be printed. A value of immediate will print the file immediately, a value of hold will hold the job indefinitely, and a time value (HH:MM) will hold the job until the specified time. Use a value of resume with the -i option to resume a held job. Use a value of restart with the -i option to restart a completed job.
-P page-list
  Specifies which pages to print in the document. The list can contain a list of numbers and ranges (#-#) separated by commas (e.g. 1,3-5,16).


Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1) command, the following generic options are available:
-o media=size
  Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".
-o landscape
-o orientation-requested=4
  Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees).
-o sides=one-sided
-o sides=two-sided-long-edge
-o sides=two-sided-short-edge
  Prints on one or two sides of the paper. The value "two-sided-long-edge" is normally used when printing portrait (unrotated) pages, while "two-sided-short-edge" is used for landscape pages.
-o fitplot
  Scales the print file to fit on the page.
-o scaling=number
  Scales image files to use up to number percent of the page. Values greater than 100 cause the image file to be printed across multiple pages.
-o cpi=N
  Sets the number of characters per inch to use when printing a text file. The default is 10.
-o lpi=N
  Sets the number of lines per inch to use when printing a text file. The default is 6.
-o page-bottom=N
-o page-left=N
-o page-right=N
-o page-top=N
  Sets the page margins when printing text files. The values are in points - there are 72 points to the inch.


Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":
    lp -d foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename

Print an image across 4 pages:

    lp -d bar -o scaling=200 filename

Print a text file with 12 characters per inch, 8 lines per inch, and a 1 inch left margin:

    lp -d bar -o cpi=12 -o lpi=8 -o page-left=72 filename


Unlike the System V printing system, CUPS allows printer names to contain any printable character except SPACE, TAB, "/", or "#". Also, printer and class names are not case-sensitive.

The "q" option accepts a different range of values than the Solaris lp command, matching the IPP job priority values (1-100, 100 is highest priority) instead of the Solaris values (0-39, 0 is highest priority).


cancel(1), lpmove(8), lpoptions(1), lpstat(1),


Copyright 2007 by Apple Inc.

23 March 2006 lp (1) Common UNIX Printing System
blog comments powered by Disqus