log, logf, logl - natural logarithmic function
double log(double x);
float logf(float x);
long double logl(long double x);
Link with -lm.
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
logf(), logl():_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
The log() function returns the natural logarithm of x.
On success, these functions return the natural logarithm of x.
If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.
If x is 1, the result is +0.
If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.
If x is zero, then a pole error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively.
If x is negative (including negative infinity), then a domain error occurs, and a NaN (not a number) is returned.
See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
Domain error: x is negative errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised. Pole error: x is zero errno is set to ERANGE. A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.
C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.
In glibc 2.5 and earlier, taking the log() of a NaN produces a bogus invalid floating-point (FE_INVALID) exception.
cbrt(3), clog(3), log10(3), log1p(3), log2(3), sqrt(3)
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