Manual Reference Pages  - LOCALE (5)

NAME

locale - describes a locale definition file

CONTENTS

Description
     Syntax
     Lc_ctype
     Lc_collate
     Lc_monetary
     Lc_numeric
     Lc_time
     Lc_messages
Files
Bugs
Colophon

DESCRIPTION

The locale definition files contains all the information that the localedef(1) command needs to convert it into the binary locale database.

The definition files consist of sections which each describe a locale category in detail.

    Syntax

The locale definition file starts with a header that may consist of the following keywords:
<escape_char>
  is followed by a character that should be used as the escape-character for the rest of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted in a special way. It defaults to the backslash (\).
<comment_char>
  is followed by a character that will be used as the comment-character for the rest of the file. It defaults to the number sign (#).
The locale definition has one part for each locale category. Each part can be copied from another existing locale or can be defined from scratch. If the category should be copied, the only valid keyword in the definition is copy followed by the name of the locale which should be copied.

    LC_CTYPE

The definition for the LC_CTYPE category starts with the string LC_CTYPE in the first column.

There are the following keywords allowed:
upper followed by a list of uppercase letters. The letters A through Z are included automatically. Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.
lower followed by a list of lowercase letters. The letters a through z are included automatically. Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.
alpha followed by a list of letters. All character specified as either upper or lower are automatically included. Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.
digit followed by the characters classified as numeric digits. Only the digits 0 through 9 are allowed. They are included by default in this class.
space followed by a list of characters defined as white-space characters. Characters also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit, graph, or xdigit are not allowed. The characters <space>, <form-feed>, <newline>, <carriage-return>, <tab>, and <vertical-tab> are automatically included.
cntrl followed by a list of control characters. Characters also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit, punct, graph, print, or xdigit are not allowed.
punct followed by a list of punctuation characters. Characters also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit, cntrl, xdigit, or the <space> character are not allowed.
graph followed by a list of printable characters, not including the <space> character. The characters defined as upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, and punct are automatically included. Characters also specified as cntrl are not allowed.
print followed by a list of printable characters, including the <space> character. The characters defined as upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, punct, and the <space> character are automatically included. Characters also specified as cntrl are not allowed.
xdigit followed by a list of characters classified as hexadecimal digits. The decimal digits must be included followed by one or more set of six characters in ascending order. The following characters are included by default: 0 through 9, a through f, A through F.
blank followed by a list of characters classified as blank. The characters <space> and <tab> are automatically included.
toupper
  followed by a list of mappings from lowercase to uppercase letters. Each mapping is a pair of a lowercase and an uppercase letter separated with a , and enclosed in parentheses. The members of the list are separated with semicolons.
tolower
  followed by a list of mappings from uppercase to lowercase letters. If the keyword tolower is not present, the reverse of the toupper list is used.
The LC_CTYPE definition ends with the string END LC_CYTPE.

    LC_COLLATE

The LC_COLLATE category defines the rules for collating characters. Due to limitations of libc not all POSIX-options are implemented.

The definition starts with the string LC_COLLATE in the first column.

There are the following keywords allowed:
collating-element
collating-symbol
 
The order-definition starts with a line:
order_start
followed by a list of keywords out of forward, backward, or position. The order definition consists of lines that describe the order and is terminated with the keyword
order_end.
For more details see the sources in /usr/lib/nls/src notably the examples POSIX, Example and Example2

The LC_COLLATE definition ends with the string END LC_COLLATE.

    LC_MONETARY

The definition starts with the string LC_MONETARY in the first column.

There are the following keywords allowed:
int_curr_symbol
  followed by the international currency symbol. This must be a 4-character string containing the international currency symbol as defined by the ISO 4217 standard (three characters) followed by a separator.
currency_symbol
  followed by the local currency symbol.
mon_decimal_point
  followed by the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting monetary quantities.
mon_thousands_sep
  followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting monetary quantities.
mon_grouping
  followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.
positive_sign
  followed by a string that is used to indicate a positive sign for monetary quantities.
negative_sign
  followed by a string that is used to indicate a negative sign for monetary quantities.
int_frac_digits
  followed by the number of fractional digits that should be used when formatting with the int_curr_symbol.
frac_digits
  followed by the number of fractional digits that should be used when formatting with the currency_symbol.
p_cs_precedes
  followed by an integer set to 1 if the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol should precede the formatted monetary quantity or set to 0 if the symbol succeeds the value.
p_sep_by_space
  followed by an integer.
0 means that no space should be printed between the symbol and the value.
1 means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the value.
2 means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the sign string, if adjacent.
n_cs_precedes
 
0 - the symbol succeeds the value.
1 - the symbol precedes the value.
n_sep_by_space
  An integer set to 0 if no space separates the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol from the value for a negative monetary quantity, set to 1 if a space separates the symbol from the value and set to 2 if a space separates the symbol and the sign string, if adjacent.
p_sign_posn
 
0 Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
1 The sign string precedes the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
2 The sign string succeeds the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
3 The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
4 The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
n_sign_posn
 
0 Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
1 The sign string precedes the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
2 The sign string succeeds the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
3 The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
4 The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
The LC_MONETARY definition ends with the string END LC_MONETARY.

    LC_NUMERIC

The definition starts with the string LC_NUMERIC in the first column.

The following keywords are allowed:
decimal_point
  followed by the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting numeric quantities.
thousands_sep
  followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting numeric quantities.
grouping
  followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.
The LC_NUMERIC definition ends with the string END LC_NUMERIC.

    LC_TIME

The definition starts with the string LC_TIME in the first column.

The following keywords are allowed:
abday followed by a list of abbreviated weekday names. The list starts with the first day of the week as specified by week (Sunday by default).
day followed by a list of weekday names. The list starts with the first day of the week as specified by week (Sunday by default).
abmon followed by a list of abbreviated month names.
mon followed by a list of month names.
am_pm The appropriate representation of the am and pm strings.
d_t_fmt
  The appropriate date and time format.
d_fmt The appropriate date format.
t_fmt The appropriate time format.
t_fmt_ampm
  The appropriate time format when using 12h clock format.
week followed by a list of three values: The number of days in a week (by default 7), a date of beginning of the week (by default corresponds to Sunday), and the minimal length of the first week in year (by default 4). Regarding the start of the week, 19971130 shall be used for Sunday and 19971201 shall be used for Monday. Thus, countries using 19971130 should have local Sunday name as the first day in the day list, while countries using 19971201 should have Monday translation as the first item in the day list.
first_weekday (since glibc 2.2)
  Number of the first day from the day list to be shown in calendar applications. The default value of 1 corresponds to either Sunday or Monday depending on the value of the second week list item.
first_workday (since glibc 2.2)
  Number of the first working day from the day list.
The LC_TIME definition ends with the string END LC_TIME.

    LC_MESSAGES

The definition starts with the string LC_MESSAGES in the first column.

The following keywords are allowed:
yesexpr
  followed by a regular expression that describes possible yes-responses.
noexpr followed by a regular expression that describes possible no-responses.
The LC_MESSAGES definition ends with the string END LC_MESSAGES.

See the POSIX.2 standard for details.

FILES

/usr/lib/locale/ — database for the current locale setting of that category
/usr/lib/nls/charmap/* — charmap-files

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.2, ISO/IEC 14652.

BUGS

This manual page isn’t complete.

SEE ALSO

locale(1), localedef(1), localeconv(3), setlocale(3), charmap(5)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


Linux LOCALE (5) 2008-06-17
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