Manual Reference Pages  - LN (1)

NAME

ln - make links between files

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Author
Copyright

SYNOPSIS

ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME (1st form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET (2nd form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY (3rd form)
ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET... (4th form)

DESCRIPTION

In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME. In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory. In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY. Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic. When creating hard links, each TARGET must exist. Symbolic links can hold arbitrary text; if later resolved, a relative link is interpreted in relation to its parent directory.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
--backup[=CONTROL]
  make a backup of each existing destination file
-b like --backup but does not accept an argument
-d, -F, --directory
  allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)
-f, --force
  remove existing destination files
-i, --interactive
  prompt whether to remove destinations
-L, --logical
  make hard links to symbolic link references
-n, --no-dereference
  treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal file
-P, --physical
  make hard links directly to symbolic links
-s, --symbolic
  make symbolic links instead of hard links
-S, --suffix=SUFFIX
  override the usual backup suffix
-t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
  specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links
-T, --no-target-directory
  treat LINK_NAME as a normal file
-v, --verbose
  print name of each linked file
--help display this help and exit
--version
  output version information and exit
The backup suffix is ‘~’, unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:
Using -s ignores -L and -P. Otherwise, the last option specified controls behavior when the source is a symbolic link, defaulting to -P.
none, off
  never make backups (even if --backup is given)
numbered, t
  make numbered backups
existing, nil
  numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
simple, never
  always make simple backups

AUTHOR

Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS

Report ln bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
Report ln translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

link(2), symlink(2)

The full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and ln programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info coreutils ln invocation
should give you access to the complete manual.


GNU coreutils 8.12.197-032bb LN (1) September 2011
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