Manual Reference Pages  - LINKAT (2)

NAME

linkat - create a file link relative to directory file descriptors

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Errors
Versions
Notes
Colophon

SYNOPSIS


#include <fcntl.h> /* Definition of AT_* constants */ 

#include <unistd.h> 

int linkat(int olddirfd, const char *oldpath, int newdirfd, const char *newpath, int flags);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

linkat():

Since glibc 2.10:
  _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 700 || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
Before glibc 2.10:
  _ATFILE_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

The linkat() system call operates in exactly the same way as link(2), except for the differences described in this manual page.

If the pathname given in oldpath is relative, then it is interpreted relative to the directory referred to by the file descriptor olddirfd (rather than relative to the current working directory of the calling process, as is done by link(2) for a relative pathname).

If oldpath is relative and olddirfd is the special value AT_FDCWD, then oldpath is interpreted relative to the current working directory of the calling process (like link(2)).

If oldpath is absolute, then olddirfd is ignored.

The interpretation of newpath is as for oldpath, except that a relative pathname is interpreted relative to the directory referred to by the file descriptor newdirfd.

By default, linkat(), does not dereference oldpath if it is a symbolic link (like link(2)). Since Linux 2.6.18, the flag AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW can be specified in flags to cause oldpath to be dereferenced if it is a symbolic link. Before kernel 2.6.18, the flags argument was unused, and had to be specified as 0.

RETURN VALUE

On success, linkat() returns 0. On error, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS

The same errors that occur for link(2) can also occur for linkat(). The following additional errors can occur for linkat():
EBADF olddirfd or newdirfd is not a valid file descriptor.
ENOTDIR
  oldpath is relative and olddirfd is a file descriptor referring to a file other than a directory; or similar for newpath and newdirfd

VERSIONS

linkat() was added to Linux in kernel 2.6.16; library support was added to glibc in version 2.4.

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2008.

NOTES

See openat(2) for an explanation of the need for linkat().

SEE ALSO

link(2), openat(2), path_resolution(7), symlink(7)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


Linux LINKAT (2) 2012-05-04
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