isalnum, isalpha, isascii, isblank, iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph, islower, isprint, ispunct, isspace, isupper, isxdigit - character classification routines
int isalnum(int c);
int isalpha(int c);
int isascii(int c);
int isblank(int c);
int iscntrl(int c);
int isdigit(int c);
int isgraph(int c);
int islower(int c);
int isprint(int c);
int ispunct(int c);
int isspace(int c);
int isupper(int c);
int isxdigit(int c);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
isascii():_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE
isblank():_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
These functions check whether c, which must have the value of an unsigned char or EOF, falls into a certain character class according to the current locale.
isalnum() checks for an alphanumeric character; it is equivalent to (isalpha(c) || isdigit(c)). isalpha() checks for an alphabetic character; in the standard "C" locale, it is equivalent to (isupper(c) || islower(c)). In some locales, there may be additional characters for which isalpha() is trueletters which are neither upper case nor lower case. isascii() checks whether c is a 7-bit unsigned char value that fits into the ASCII character set. isblank() checks for a blank character; that is, a space or a tab. iscntrl() checks for a control character. isdigit() checks for a digit (0 through 9). isgraph() checks for any printable character except space. islower() checks for a lower-case character. isprint() checks for any printable character including space. ispunct() checks for any printable character which is not a space or an alphanumeric character. isspace() checks for white-space characters. In the C and POSIX locales, these are: space, form-feed ( \f ), newline ( \n ), carriage return ( \r ), horizontal tab ( \t ), and vertical tab ( \v ). isupper() checks for an uppercase letter. isxdigit() checks for a hexadecimal digits, that is, one of
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f A B C D E F.
The values returned are nonzero if the character c falls into the tested class, and a zero value if not.
C99, 4.3BSD. C89 specifies all of these functions except isascii() and isblank(). isascii() is a BSD extension and is also an SVr4 extension. isblank() conforms to POSIX.1-2001 and C99 188.8.131.52. POSIX.1-2008 marks isascii() as obsolete, noting that it cannot be used portably in a localized application.
The details of what characters belong into which class depend on the current locale. For example, isupper() will not recognize an A-umlaut () as an uppercase letter in the default C locale.
iswalnum(3), iswalpha(3), iswblank(3), iswcntrl(3), iswdigit(3), iswgraph(3), iswlower(3), iswprint(3), iswpunct(3), iswspace(3), iswupper(3), iswxdigit(3), setlocale(3), toascii(3), tolower(3), toupper(3), ascii(7), locale(7)
This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.