Manual Reference Pages  - GETPW (3)

NAME

getpw - reconstruct password line entry

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Errors
Files
Bugs
Colophon

SYNOPSIS


#define _GNU_SOURCE             /* See feature_test_macros(7) */ 

#include <sys/types.h> 

#include <pwd.h> 

int getpw(uid_t uid, char *buf);

DESCRIPTION

The getpw() function reconstructs the password line entry for the given user ID uid in the buffer buf. The returned buffer contains a line of format

name:passwd:uid:gid:gecos:dir:shell

The passwd structure is defined in <pwd.h> as follows:

struct passwd {
    char   *pw_name;       /* username */
    char   *pw_passwd;     /* user password */
    uid_t   pw_uid;        /* user ID */
    gid_t   pw_gid;        /* group ID */
    char   *pw_gecos;      /* user information */
    char   *pw_dir;        /* home directory */
    char   *pw_shell;      /* shell program */
};

For more information about the fields of this structure, see passwd(5).

RETURN VALUE

The getpw() function returns 0 on success; on error, it returns -1, and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS

EINVAL buf is NULL.
ENOENT No user corresponding to uid.
ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate passwd structure.

FILES

/etc/passwd
  password database file

CONFORMING TO

SVr2.

BUGS

The getpw() function is dangerous as it may overflow the provided buffer buf. It is obsoleted by getpwuid(3).

SEE ALSO

endpwent(3), fgetpwent(3), getpwent(3), getpwnam(3), getpwuid(3), putpwent(3), setpwent(3), passwd(5)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


GNU GETPW (3) 2010-10-21
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