Manual Reference Pages  - GETAUXVAL (3)

NAME

getauxval - retrieve a value from the auxiliary vector

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Return Value
Errors
Versions
Notes
Colophon

SYNOPSIS


#include <sys/auxv.h> 

unsigned long getauxval(unsigned long type);

DESCRIPTION

The getauxval() function retrieves values from the auxiliary vector, a mechanism that the kernel’s ELF binary loader uses to pass certain information to user space when a program is executed.

Each entry in the auxiliary vector consists of a pair of values: a type that identifies what this entry represents, and a value for that type. Given the argument type, getauxval() returns the corresponding value.

The value returned for each type is given in the following list. Not all type values are present on all architectures.
AT_BASE
  The base address of the program interpreter (usually, the dynamic linker).
AT_BASE_PLATFORM
  A string identifying the real platform; may differ from AT_PLATFORM (PowerPC only).
AT_CLKTCK
  The frequency with which times(2) counts. This value can also be obtained via sysconf(_SC_CLK_TCK).
AT_DCACHEBSIZE
  The data cache block size.
AT_EGID
  The effective group ID of the thread.
AT_ENTRY
  The entry address of the executable.
AT_EUID
  The effective user ID of the thread.
AT_EXECFD
  File descriptor of program.
AT_EXECFN
  Pathname used to execute program.
AT_FLAGS
  Flags (unused).
AT_FPUCW
  Used FPU control word (SuperH architecture only). This gives some information about the FPU initialization performed by the kernel.
AT_GID The real group ID of the thread.
AT_HWCAP
  A pointer to a multibyte mask of bits whose settings indicate detailed processor capabilities. The contents of the bit mask are hardware dependent (for example, see the kernel source file arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h for details relating to the Intel x86 architecture). A human-readable version of the same information is available via /proc/cpuinfo.
AT_ICACHEBSIZE
  The instruction cache block size.
AT_PAGESZ
  The system page size (the same value returned by sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE).
AT_PHDR
  The address of the program headers of the executable.
AT_PHENT
  The size of program header entry.
AT_PHNUM
  The number of program headers.
AT_PLATFORM
  A pointer to a string that identifies the hardware platform that the program is running on. The dynamic linker uses this in the interpretation of rpath values.
AT_RANDOM
  The address of sixteen bytes containing a random value.
AT_SECURE
  Has a nonzero value if this executable should be treated securely. Most commonly, a nonzero value indicates that the process is executing a set-user-ID or set-group-ID program; alternatively, a nonzero value may be triggered by a Linux Security Module. When this value is nonzero, the dynamic linker disables the use of certain environment variables (see ld-linux.so(8)) and glibc changes other aspects of its behavior. (See also secure_getenv(3).)
AT_SYSINFO
  The entry point to the system call function in the VDSO. Not present/needed on all architectures (e.g., absent on x86-64).
AT_SYSINFO_EHDR
  The address of a page containing the Virtual Dynamic Shared Object (VDSO) that the kernel creates in order to provide fast implementations of certain system calls.
AT_UCACHEBSIZE
  The unified cache block size.
AT_UID The real user ID of the thread.

RETURN VALUE

On success, getauxval() returns the value corresponding to type. If type is not found, 0 is returned.

ERRORS

No errors are diagnosed.

VERSIONS

The getauxval() function was added to glibc in version 2.16.

CONFORMING TO

This function is a nonstandard glibc extension.

NOTES

The primary consumer of the information in the auxiliary vector is the dynamic linker ld-linux.so(8). The auxiliary vector is a convenient and efficient shortcut that allows the kernel to communicate a certain set of standard information that the dynamic linker usually or always needs. In some cases, the same information could be obtained by system calls, but using the auxiliary vector is cheaper.

The auxiliary vector resides just above the argument list and environment in the process address space. The auxiliary vector supplied to a program can be viewed by setting the LD_SHOW_AUXV environment variable when running a program:

$ LD_SHOW_AUXV=1 sleep 1

The auxiliary vector of any process can (subject to file permissions) be obtained via /proc/PID/auxv; see proc(5) for more information.

SEE ALSO

secure_getenv(3), ld-linux.so(8)

The kernel source file Documentation/ABI/stable/vdso

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


GNU GETAUXVAL (3) 2012-11-07
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