Manual Reference Pages  - EXPM1 (3)

NAME

expm1, expm1f, expm1l - exponential minus 1

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Return Value
Errors
Bugs
Colophon

SYNOPSIS


#include <math.h> 

double expm1(double x);
float expm1f(float x);
long double expm1l(long double x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

expm1():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

expm1f(), expm1l():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION

expm1(x) returns a value equivalent to

exp(x) - 1

It is computed in a way that is accurate even if the value of x is near zero—a case where exp(x) - 1 would be inaccurate due to subtraction of two numbers that are nearly equal.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return exp(x) - 1.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.

If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.

If x is negative infinity, -1 is returned.

If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:
Range error, overflow
  errno is set to ERANGE (but see BUGS). An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001.

BUGS

For some large negative x values (where the function result approaches -1), expm1() raises a bogus underflow floating-point exception.

For some large positive x values, expm1() raises a bogus invalid floating-point exception in addition to the expected overflow exception, and returns a NaN instead of positive infinity.

Before version 2.11, the glibc implementation did not set errno to ERANGE when a range error occurred.

SEE ALSO

exp(3), log(3), log1p(3)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


EXPM1 (3) 2010-09-12
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