Manual Reference Pages  - REMAINDER (3)

NAME

drem, dremf, dreml, remainder, remainderf, remainderl - floating-point remainder function

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Errors
Bugs
Example
Colophon

SYNOPSIS


#include <math.h> 

/* The C99 versions */ double remainder(double x, double y); float remainderf(float x, float y); long double remainderl(long double x, long double y);

/* Obsolete synonyms */ double drem(double x, double y); float dremf(float x, float y); long double dreml(long double x, long double y);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

remainder():

_SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

remainderf(), remainderl():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

drem(), dremf(), dreml():
_SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

The remainder() function computes the remainder of dividing x by y. The return value is x-n*y, where n is the value x / y, rounded to the nearest integer. If the absolute value of x-n*y is 0.5, n is chosen to be even.

These functions are unaffected by the current rounding mode (see fenv(3)).

The drem() function does precisely the same thing.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the floating-point remainder, x-n*y. If the return value is 0, it has the sign of x.

If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is an infinity, and y is not a NaN, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

If y is zero, and x is not a NaN, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:
Domain error: x is an infinity and y is not a NaN
  An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
These functions do not set errno for this case.
Domain error: y is zero
  errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.

CONFORMING TO

The functions remainder(), remainderf(), and remainderl() are specified in C99 and POSIX.1-2001.

The function drem() is from 4.3BSD. The float and long double variants dremf() and dreml() exist on some systems, such as Tru64 and glibc2. Avoid the use of these functions in favor of remainder() etc.

BUGS

The call

remainder(nan(""), 0);

returns a NaN, as expected, but wrongly causes a domain error; it should yield a silent NaN.

EXAMPLE

The call "remainder(29.0, 3.0)" returns -1.

SEE ALSO

div(3), fmod(3), remquo(3)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


REMAINDER (3) 2010-09-20
blog comments powered by Disqus