Manual Reference Pages  - DOVEADM-USER (1)


doveadm-user - Perform a user lookup in Dovecot s userdbs


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doveadm [-Dv] user [-a userdb_socket_path] [-f field] [-x auth_info] user ...


The user command is used to perform a user lookup - to show what information Dovecot sees about the user(s), or if it exists at all in the configured userdb(s).

The auth_info may be useful when the userdb is for example a SQL database and you are using %variables, like %s or %l, in the user_query setting. Or when you have configured the userdb in a way like this:

userdb {
  driver = passwd-file
  args = /etc/%s.passwd


Global doveadm(1) options:
-D Enables verbosity and debug messages.
-v Enables verbosity, including progress counter.
Command specific options:
-a userdb_socket_path
  This option is used to specify an absolute path to an alternative UNIX domain socket.

By default doveadm(1) will use the socket /var/run/dovecot/auth-userdb. The socket may be located in another directory, when the default base_dir setting was overridden in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf.

-f field When this option and the name of a userdb field is given, doveadm(1) will show only the value of the specified field.
-x auth_info
  auth_info specifies additional conditions for the user command. The auth_info option string has to be given as name=value pair. For multiple conditions the -x option could be supplied multiple times.
Possible names for the auth_info are:
  The service for which the userdb lookup should be tested. The value may be the name of a service, commonly used with Dovecot. For example: imap, pop3 or smtp.
lip The local IP address (server) for the test.
rip The remote IP address (client) for the test.
lport The local port, e.g. 143
rport The remote port, e.g. 24567


user Is a user s login name. Depending on the configuration, a login name may be for example jane or It s also possible to use * and ? wildcards (e.g. -u *


Perform a user lookup for the users jane and

doveadm user jane 
userdb: jane
  uid       : 8001
  gid       : 8001
  home      : /home/jane
  mail      : sdbox:~/sdbox
  plugins   : sieve
  quota_rule: *:storage=150M

userdb: home : /srv/mail/8/70312/79832 uid : 79832 gid : 70312 mail : mdbox:~/mdbox

The next example shows a user lookup, using wildcards.

doveadm user *.?


Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <>. Information about reporting bugs is available at:



Dovecot v2.1 DOVEADM-USER (1) 2011-11-04
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