Dpkg::IPC - helper functions for IPC
Dpkg::IPC offers helper functions to allow you to execute other programs in an easy, yet flexible way, while hiding all the gory details of IPC (Inter-Process Communication) from you.
spawn Creates a child process and executes another program in it. The arguments are interpreted as a hash of options, specifying how to handle the in and output of the program to execute. Returns the pid of the child process (unless the wait_child option was given).
Any error will cause the function to exit with one of the Dpkg::ErrorHandling functions.
exec Can be either a scalar, i.e. the name of the program to be executed, or an array reference, i.e. the name of the program plus additional arguments. Note that the program will never be executed via the shell, so you cant specify additional arguments in the scalar string and you cant use any shell facilities like globbing.
from_file, to_file, error_to_file Filename as scalar. Standard input/output/error of the child process will be redirected to the file specified. from_handle, to_handle, error_to_handle Filehandle. Standard input/output/error of the child process will be duped from the handle. from_pipe, to_pipe, error_to_pipe Scalar reference or object based on IO::Handle. A pipe will be opened for each of the two options and either the reading (to_pipe and error_to_pipe) or the writing end (from_pipe) will be returned in the referenced scalar. Standard input/output/error of the child process will be duped to the other ends of the pipes. from_string, to_string, error_to_string Scalar reference. Standard input/output/error of the child process will be redirected to the string given as reference. Note that it wouldnt be strictly necessary to use a scalar reference for from_string, as the string is not modified in any way. This was chosen only for reasons of symmetry with to_string and error_to_string. to_string and error_to_string imply the wait_child option. wait_child Scalar. If containing a true value, wait_child() will be called before returning. The return value will of spawn() will be a true value, but not the pid. nocheck Scalar. Option of the wait_child() call. timeout Scalar. Option of the wait_child() call. chdir Scalar. The child process will chdir in the indicated directory before calling exec. env Hash reference. The child process will populate %ENV with the items of the hash before calling exec. This allows exporting environment variables. delete_env Array reference. The child process will remove all environment variables listed in the array before calling exec. wait_child Takes as first argument the pid of the process to wait for. Remaining arguments are taken as a hash of options. Returns nothing. Fails if the child has been ended by a signal or if it exited non-zero.
cmdline String to identify the child process in error messages. Defaults to child process. nocheck If true do not check the return status of the child (and thus do not fail it it has been killed or if it exited with a non-zero return code). timeout Set a maximum time to wait for the process, after that fail with an error message.
Written by Raphaël Hertzog <email@example.com> and Frank Lichtenheld <firstname.lastname@example.org>.