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Manual Reference Pages  - DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::Developers (3pm)

NAME

DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::Developers - Developers documentation for DBI::DBD::SqlEngine

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



    package DBD::myDriver;

    use base qw(DBI::DBD::SqlEngine);

    sub driver
    {
        ...
        my $drh = $proto->SUPER::driver($attr);
        ...
        return $drh->{class};
    }

    sub CLONE { ... }

    package DBD::myDriver::dr;

    @ISA = qw(DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::dr);

    sub data_sources { ... }
    ...

    package DBD::myDriver::db;

    @ISA = qw(DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db);

    sub init_valid_attributes { ... }
    sub init_default_attributes { ... }
    sub set_versions { ... }
    sub validate_STORE_attr { my ($dbh, $attrib, $value) = @_; ... }
    sub validate_FETCH_attr { my ($dbh, $attrib) = @_; ... }
    sub get_myd_versions { ... }
    sub get_avail_tables { ... }

    package DBD::myDriver::st;

    @ISA = qw(DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::st);

    sub FETCH { ... }
    sub STORE { ... }

    package DBD::myDriver::Statement;

    @ISA = qw(DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::Statement);

    sub open_table { ... }

    package DBD::myDriver::Table;

    @ISA = qw(DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::Table);

    sub new { ... }

    sub fetch_row { ... }
    sub push_row { ... }
    sub push_names { ... }
    sub seek { ... }
    sub truncate { ... }
    sub drop { ... }

    # optimize the SQL engine by add one or more of
    sub update_current_row { ... }
    # or
    sub update_specific_row { ... }
    # or
    sub update_one_row { ... }
    # or
    sub insert_new_row { ... }
    # or
    sub delete_current_row { ... }
    # or
    sub delete_one_row { ... }



DESCRIPTION

This document describes the interface of DBI::DBD::SqlEngine for DBD developers who write DBI::DBD::SqlEngine based DBI drivers. It supplements DBI::DBD and DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::HowTo, which you should read first.

CLASSES

Each DBI driver must provide a package global driver method and three DBI related classes:
DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::dr Driver package, contains the methods DBI calls indirectly via DBI interface:



  DBI->connect (DBI:DBM:, undef, undef, {})

  # invokes
  package DBD::DBM::dr;
  @DBD::DBM::dr::ISA = qw(DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::dr);

  sub connect ($$;$$$)
  {
      ...
  }



Similar for data_sources () and disconnect_all().

Pure Perl DBI drivers derived from DBI::DBD::SqlEngine do not usually need to override any of the methods provided through the DBD::XXX::dr package however if you need additional initialization in the connect method you may need to.

DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db Contains the methods which are called through DBI database handles ($dbh). e.g.,



  $sth = $dbh->prepare ("select * from foo");
  # returns the f_encoding setting for table foo
  $dbh->csv_get_meta ("foo", "f_encoding");



DBI::DBD::SqlEngine provides the typical methods required here. Developers who write DBI drivers based on DBI::DBD::SqlEngine need to override the methods set_versions and init_valid_attributes.

DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::st Contains the methods to deal with prepared statement handles. e.g.,



  $sth->execute () or die $sth->errstr;



    DBI::DBD::SqlEngine

This is the main package containing the routines to initialize DBI::DBD::SqlEngine based DBI drivers. Primarily the DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::driver method is invoked, either directly from DBI when the driver is initialized or from the derived class.



  package DBD::DBM;

  use base qw( DBI::DBD::SqlEngine );

  sub driver
  {
      my ( $class, $attr ) = @_;
      ...
      my $drh = $class->SUPER::driver( $attr );
      ...
      return $drh;
  }



It is not necessary to implement your own driver method as long as additional initialization (e.g. installing more private driver methods) is not required. You do not need to call setup_driver as DBI::DBD::SqlEngine takes care of it.

    DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::dr

The driver package contains the methods DBI calls indirectly via the DBI interface (see DBI Class Methods in DBI).

DBI::DBD::SqlEngine based DBI drivers usually do not need to implement anything here, it is enough to do the basic initialization:



  package DBD:XXX::dr;

  @DBD::XXX::dr::ISA = qw (DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::dr);
  $DBD::XXX::dr::imp_data_size     = 0;
  $DBD::XXX::dr::data_sources_attr = undef;
  $DBD::XXX::ATTRIBUTION = "DBD::XXX $DBD::XXX::VERSION by Hans Mustermann";



    DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db

This package defines the database methods, which are called via the DBI database handle $dbh.

Methods provided by DBI::DBD::SqlEngine:
ping Simply returns the content of the Active attribute. Override when your driver needs more complicated actions here.
prepare Prepares a new SQL statement to execute. Returns a statement handle, $sth - instance of the DBD:XXX::st. It is neither required nor recommended to override this method.
FETCH Fetches an attribute of a DBI database object. Private handle attributes must have a prefix (this is mandatory). If a requested attribute is detected as a private attribute without a valid prefix, the driver prefix (written as $drv_prefix) is added.

The driver prefix is extracted from the attribute name and verified against $dbh->{ $drv_prefix . "valid_attrs" } (when it exists). If the requested attribute value is not listed as a valid attribute, this method croaks. If the attribute is valid and readonly (listed in $dbh->{ $drv_prefix . "readonly_attrs" } when it exists), a real copy of the attribute value is returned. So it’s not possible to modify f_valid_attrs from outside of DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db or a derived class.

STORE Stores a database private attribute. Private handle attributes must have a prefix (this is mandatory). If a requested attribute is detected as a private attribute without a valid prefix, the driver prefix (written as $drv_prefix) is added. If the database handle has an attribute ${drv_prefix}_valid_attrs - for attribute names which are not listed in that hash, this method croaks. If the database handle has an attribute ${drv_prefix}_readonly_attrs, only attributes which are not listed there can be stored (once they are initialized). Trying to overwrite such an immutable attribute forces this method to croak.

An example of a valid attributes list can be found in DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db::init_valid_attributes.

set_versions This method sets the attributes f_version, sql_nano_version, sql_statement_version and (if not prohibited by a restrictive ${prefix}_valid_attrs) ${prefix}_version.

This method is called at the end of the connect () phase.

When overriding this method, do not forget to invoke the superior one.

init_valid_attributes This method is called after the database handle is instantiated as the first attribute initialization.

DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db::init_valid_attributes initializes the attributes sql_valid_attrs and sql_readonly_attrs.

When overriding this method, do not forget to invoke the superior one, preferably before doing anything else.

init_default_attributes This method is called after the database handle is instantiated to initialize the default attributes.

DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db::init_default_attributes initializes the attributes sql_identifier_case, sql_quoted_identifier_case, sql_handler, sql_engine_version, sql_nano_version and sql_statement_version when SQL::Statement is available.

When the derived implementor class provides the attribute to validate attributes (e.g. $dbh->{dbm_valid_attrs} = {...};) or the attribute containing the immutable attributes (e.g. $dbh->{dbm_readonly_attrs} = {...};), the attributes drv_valid_attrs, drv_readonly_attrs and drv_version are added (when available) to the list of valid and immutable attributes (where drv_ is interpreted as the driver prefix).

get_versions This method is called by the code injected into the instantiated driver to provide the user callable driver method ${prefix}versions (e.g. dbm_versions, csv_versions, ...).

The DBI::DBD::SqlEngine implementation returns all version information known by DBI::DBD::SqlEngine (e.g. DBI version, Perl version, DBI::DBD::SqlEngine version and the SQL handler version).

get_versions takes the $dbh as the first argument and optionally a second argument containing a table name. The second argument is not evaluated in DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::db::get_versions itself - but might be in the future.

If the derived implementor class provides a method named get_${drv_prefix}versions, this is invoked and the return value of it is associated to the derived driver name:



    if (my $dgv = $dbh->{ImplementorClass}->can ("get_" . $drv_prefix . "versions") {
        (my $derived_driver = $dbh->{ImplementorClass}) =~ s/::db$//;
        $versions{$derived_driver} = &$dgv ($dbh, $table);
    }



Override it to add more version information about your module, (e.g. some kind of parser version in case of DBD::CSV, ...), if one line is not enough room to provide all relevant information.

sql_parser_object Returns a SQL::Parser instance, when sql_handler is set to SQL::Statement. The parser instance is stored in sql_parser_object.

It is not recommended to override this method.

disconnect Disconnects from a database. All local table information is discarded and the Active attribute is set to 0.
type_info_all Returns information about all the types supported by DBI::DBD::SqlEngine.
table_info Returns a statement handle which is prepared to deliver information about all known tables.
list_tables Returns a list of all known table names.
quote Quotes a string for use in SQL statements.
commit Warns about a useless call (if warnings enabled) and returns. DBI::DBD::SqlEngine is typically a driver which commits every action instantly when executed.
rollback Warns about a useless call (if warnings enabled) and returns. DBI::DBD::SqlEngine is typically a driver which commits every action instantly when executed.

    DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::st

Contains the methods to deal with prepared statement handles:
bind_param Common routine to bind placeholders to a statement for execution. It is dangerous to override this method without detailed knowledge about the DBI::DBD::SqlEngine internal storage structure.
execute Executes a previously prepared statement (with placeholders, if any).
finish Finishes a statement handle, discards all buffered results. The prepared statement is not discarded so the statement can be executed again.
fetch Fetches the next row from the result-set. This method may be rewritten in a later version and if it’s overridden in a derived class, the derived implementation should not rely on the storage details.
fetchrow_arrayref Alias for fetch.
FETCH Fetches statement handle attributes. Supported attributes (for full overview see Statement Handle Attributes in DBI) are NAME, TYPE, PRECISION and NULLABLE. Each column is returned as NULLABLE which might be wrong depending on the derived backend storage. If the statement handle has private attributes, they can be fetched using this method, too. Note that statement attributes are not associated with any table used in this statement.

This method usually requires extending in a derived implementation. See DBD::CSV or DBD::DBM for some example.

STORE Allows storing of statement private attributes. No special handling is currently implemented here.
rows Returns the number of rows affected by the last execute. This method might return undef.

    DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::Statement

Derives from DBI::SQL::Nano::Statement for unified naming when deriving new drivers. No additional feature is provided from here.

    DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::Table

Derives from DBI::SQL::Nano::Table for unified naming when deriving new drivers. No additional feature is provided from here.

You should consult the documentation of SQL::Eval::Table (see SQL::Eval) to get more information about the abstract methods of the table’s base class you have to override and a description of the table meta information expected by the SQL engines.

AUTHOR

The module DBI::DBD::SqlEngine is currently maintained by

H.Merijn Brand < h.m.brand at xs4all.nl > and Jens Rehsack < rehsack at googlemail.com >

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (C) 2010 by H.Merijn Brand & Jens Rehsack

All rights reserved.

You may freely distribute and/or modify this module under the terms of either the GNU General Public License (GPL) or the Artistic License, as specified in the Perl README file.


perl v5.14.2 DBI::DBD::SqlEngine::Developers (3pm) 2010-08-30
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